Capital: San Jose Official language: Spanish
President: Luis Guillermo Solís
Currency: Colón (CRC)
Average Annual Rainfall: 100 inches
Average Annual Temperature: 70° - 80°F
About Costa Rica: Costa Rica is a country located in Central America that has unlimited tourist potential and is ranked as one of the most visited international destinations. One of Costa Rica’s main sources of income is tourism. Costa Rica is a democratic and peaceful country.
Although the country is small and it covers only 0.03 % of the surface of the globe, it proudly shelters 6% of the existing biodiversity in the entire world. 25.58 % of the country is dedicated to National Parks and Reserves.
Costa Rica is also an attractive country for investments. It has become a favorite of important multinational companies, thanks to the outstanding academic level of its population, as well as its high standard of modern services and social and political stability.
Climate: Because Costa Rica is located between nine to ten degrees north of the Equator, the climate is tropical year round. However, the country has many microclimates depending on elevation, rainfall, topography, and the geography of each particular region.
Costa Rica's seasons are defined by how much it rains during a particular period and not by the four seasons as in the Northern Hemisphere. The year can be divided into two periods, the dry season known to the residents as summer, and the rainy season, known locally as winter. The "summer" or dry season goes from December to April, and "winter" or rainy season goes from May to November.
The area that receives the most rainfall is the Caribbean slopes with an average annual rainfall of over 200 inches. Humidity is also higher on the Caribbean side than on the Pacific. The annual temperature on the pacific side is around 90° - 95 °F. In the central valley the temperature ranges between 60° and 85°F. In the mountainous areas the temperature can drop as low as 30°F, providing the conditions for a great variety of vegetation and wildlife.